I often get asked from friends in USA to list the different food names for the same item when listing recipes. So here is my list which I will add to as I recall different items.
Australia is shown first followed by USA equivalent
Rocket – Arugula
Eggplant – Aubergine
Endive – Escarole * also sometimes known as baby cos
Iceberg lettuce – butter lettuce
Coriander – Cilantro
Capsicum – Bell Peppers
Green Shallots – Scallions
Red Shallots are Asian Small Shallots
Brown Onion -Yellow Onion
Beetroot – Beets
Swede – Rutabaga
Minced Meat – Ground Meat
Cabbage can be green, red or Asian cabbage is Wombok
EVOO – Extra Virgin Olive Oil
Scallops can be Potato Scallops or Seafood Scallops
Pumpkin – Squash (*Pumpkin in Australia is usually fresh and not in a can eg pumpkin puree – we cook fresh pumpkin then blend it to make it smooth eg for soup)
Zucchini – Baby Marrow
Yellow Squash – Yellow Zucchini/Summer Squash
Prawns – Shrimp
Beef Steak – Some list the cut of meat eg Sirloin, Flank etc
Cos Lettuce – Romaine
Radicchio- Italian Chicory
Asian Cuisine use herbs such as Thai Basil which is not the same as normal Green Basil
If you want a mild Chilli remove seeds and membrane (*don’t rub eyes when handling and cutting chili wear gloves if they are really hot ones eg small red birdseye chili is hot Thai chilli not the red long chilli which is milder. ) Chilli go from green )mild) to red but the smaller they are the hotter they are.
Chinese Oyster sauce is a lot saltier than Thai Oyster Sauce . They are not the same thing.
Kepjap Manis is the Indonesian Sweet Soy.